- Biomechanical research
- Car occupants
- Crash avoidance
- Crash protection
- Knowledge gaps
- The epidemiology of traffic injury
- A fuller assessment of the protection offered by helmets in real-world collisions is needed to determine how helmet design could be improved.
- A better understanding of cyclist kinematics and interaction with all vehicle fronts, aided by improved modelling techniques, is needed to properly evaluate front-end aggressivity.
- Further accident data analysis is needed to evaluate the travel speed of the cycle, especially the influence on head trajectory and the role of injuries sustained from interaction with Conflicts and synergy with pedestrian impact standards need investigation.